Identification of a Sleep Bruxism Subgroup with a Higher Risk of Pain
- 1Faculty of Dental Medicine, Université de Montréal, C.P. 6128, succ. Centre-Ville, Montréal, Canada, H3C 3J7; and
- 2Centre d’étude du sommeil et des rythmes biologiques, Hôpital du Sacré-Coeur, Canada
Sleep bruxism research diagnostic criteria (SB-RDC) have been applied since 1996. This study was performed to validate these criteria and to challenge the hypothesis that pain is associated with lower frequencies of orofacial activities. Polygraphic recordings were made of 100 individuals presenting with a clinical diagnosis of sleep bruxism and 43 control individuals. TwoStep Cluster analyses (SPSS) were performed with sleep bruxism variables to reveal groupings among sleep bruxers and control individuals. Participants completed questionnaires during screening, diagnosis, and recording sessions. Cluster analysis identified three subgroups of sleep bruxers. Interestingly, 45 of the 46 sleep bruxers with values below SB-RDC were classified in the low-frequency cluster. These individuals were more likely to complain of pain and fatigue of masticatory muscles than were the higher-frequency sleep bruxers (odds ratios > 3.9, p < 0.01). Sleep bruxers were distributed among three heterogeneous groups. Sleep bruxers with low frequencies of orofacial activities were more at risk of reporting pain.
J DENT RES 2007 86: 837